The same positive feedback loop can also run in reverse however, to create a vicious cycle, when a bad situation feeds on itself to make it even worse. The converse to 'vicious circle' is 'virtuous circle', referring to a process of positive feedback. A: Yes way. Powerhouse was then ordered by Cyberface to send Brainiape to kill officer Dragon. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. What does vicious circle expression mean? Origin of “vicious circle” and “vicious cycle”. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.. After Powerhouse took Brainiape back to the Vicious Circle’s new headquarters, he had him healed. Anxiety produces physical symptoms, and the two feed each other in a vicious circle. Vicious circle is about 40% more common than vicious cycle in modern print sources. Noun Opposite of a situation in which the solution to one problem creates a chain of problems, each making it more difficult to solve the original one. The Vicious Circle plans. A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems that then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. They defined it as “A depends on B, B depends on C and C depends on A.” Q: Why so vicious? The Wordwizard cites an early usage of vicious circle in the sense of a situation in which action and reaction intensify each other from 1838: The earliest example of VICIOUS CIRCLE (in sense cited above) that I was able to find was from 1838 (see quote below), which predates the OED’s 1839 offering (see quote below) by a ‘big’ one year – that was a thrill. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, "Cycle" and "circle" mean the same thing in some senses (including the relevant ones), so it's not meaningful to claim that people "mixed up" the two. Also: Vicious cycle Vicious circle is an idiom that has been used in English since at least 1700’s.. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on BB depends on CC depends on A. Dirty tricks are the key to … What does a vicious circle expression mean? The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.) As for "vicious cycle," Isaac Newton used that term to describe supposed calculation of a "vicious lunar cycle" by ancient Jewish astronomers; but the term may not have appeared in its modern sense, as an alternative to "vicious circle" in contexts unrelated to logic, until perhaps the second half of the nineteenth century (user66974's answer points to a New York Times instance of relevant usage from 1858, which is nineteen years earlier than the earliest such instance that I was able to find). The two US dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as an acceptable alternate for the second meaning. Meaning: If you're in a vicious circle you're in a situation in which the solution to one problem becomes the cause of another one, and the solution to that one causes the first problem to occur again. If I knock down this building, how many other buildings do I knock down as well? Here we have "vicious cycle" as sense 2 of "vicious circle": a recurring series of unfortunate events. The next instance of "vicious cycle" that I found was much later, however. The OED records it from 1792 in the sense of "a situation in which an action and reaction intensify each other." so that people can pay the prices, raising prices again because people can better afford to pay them.". [Translation of New Latin circulus vitiōsus, circular argument : Medieval Latin circulus, circular argument + Latin vitiōsus, flawed, faulty .] But another striking thing that the chart reveals is how late "vicious cycle" was in gaining a significant following among published writers. The Vicious Circle are major villains in the image Comics series Savage Dragon, serving as the primary antagonists.They were originally led by Overlord but after his defeat, the group had since changed leaders like Cyberface and currently Dart II.. A third will deliberately sell his cause. Vicious circle originally referred to a circular argument, that is, an argument that assumes the conclusion as one of its premises. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Because it is rather late to the party of everyday English "vicious cycle" doesn't show up in the works of early commentators who focused on correcting what they considered errors in usage. the earliest example that I could find for VICIOUS CYCLE was from 1858 (see quote below), in agreement with my speculation in one of my earlier posts that VICIOUS CIRCLE was the older term. site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. The more pesticides are used, the more resistant the insects become so the more pesticides have to be used. Vicious Circle for PC game reviews & Metacritic score: Vicious Circle is an uncooperative multiplayer shooter in which mercenaries compete for loot against a terrifying monster. The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a variant, though it includes the phrase in a couple of 20th-century citations. Usage commentators on 'vicious circle' and 'vicious cycle'. Here, at greater length, is that occurrence, from the entry for "Lightning" in the 1798 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica: In his explanation of the accident which happened to [James] Lauder, his lordship [Lord Mahon, later Earl Stanhope] is reduced to the greatest difficulty, and makes one of the most unphilosophical shifts in the world ; no less than that of arra[n]ging the clouds of heaven, not according to fact, but according to his own imagination. Or, more loosely, some bad situation that, by its nature, seems to get worse and worse. Country of origin: United States Location: Bellmar, New Jersey Status: Active Formed in: 1989 Genre: Death/Thrash Metal Lyrical themes: N/A Current label: SubLevel Records Years active: 1989-present . If you think about it, "vicious cycle" implies the phenomenon has been studied, such that you can predict it is a cycle (i.e. But eighteen years later, Bryan Garner, Garner's Modern American Usage, second edition (2003) accepts "vicious cycle" as legitimate alternative to "vicious cycle": vicious circle; vicious cycle. The emblem of a snake eating its own tail was commonly used in the iconography of Georgian and Victorian cemeteries - as in this example from Sheffield's General Cemetery. How can a Z80 assembly program find out the address stored in the SP register? Vicious cycle isn't recorded in the OED. The principle states that no object or property may be introduced by a definition that depends on that object or property itself. Thus the matter goes full circle, returning to its beginning. A virtuous circle can be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s strategy for decades. Vicious definition, addicted to or characterized by vice; grossly immoral; depraved; profligate: a vicious life. 96 examples: Further, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize… Thus history is repeating itself in a vicious cycle, and despite all the warnings of the past, we have to day the spectacle of one section of the free trade party guarding a protectionist Cabinet against the opposition of the main body. The Vicious Cycle is a series of animated films created with Garry's Mod that feature characters from the online first-person shooter game Team Fortress 2, typically accompanied by the song “Bãtutã Din Moldova” from the 2009 adventure game Rabbids Go Home. That sense was first documented around the end of the 18th century. It is a positive feedback loop. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Can you legally move a dead body to preserve it as evidence? have entries for only “vicious circle,”, @Jacinto: Thank you for pointing that instance out. I am a beginner to commuting by bike and I find it very tiring. PostGIS Voronoi Polygons with extend_to parameter. ν, according to the moon, when the sun was in Aries. ( 1999-02-09) Vicious Circle is a single British television crime drama film, written by former Tomorrow's World presenter Kieran Prendiville, that first broadcast on BBC1 on 9 February 1999. Is it my fitness level or my single-speed bicycle? How true is this observation concerning battle? His lordship does not pretend that any body ever saw them ; and thus he runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle; he first assumes data, purposely made to accord with his hypothesis, and then proves the hypothesis from the data. I couldn't find anything earlier than 1877, but user66974's instance from the. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: Examples of "vicious" in the sense of flawed reasoning can be found in the 17th century as suggested by Grammarphobia: Logicians in the early 17th century used the term “vicious” (from the Latin vitiosus, meaning faulty or defective) to refer to a flawed syllogism. The screenplay concerns a leading Harley Street specialist who is forced to work with the police to nail a gang of international criminals, after being falsely accused of murder. But a massive breakout at Stronghold Penitentiary meant that Cutthroat was able to return to the streets. My impression is that "vicious cycle" didn't appeal to English writers until people stopped thinking of the primary sense of "vicious circle" as being "a logical error involving a self-referential quasi-proof." What is the point of reading classics over modern treatments? Definition of a vicious circle in the Idioms Dictionary. From the Cambridge English Corpus There is a … This imagery was employed in the 18th and 19th centuries to denote the circle of life and death. Powerhouse was also present when the Vicious Circle tried to save the dying Cyberface by turning him into a vampire (Savage Dragon #34). Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Both mean "a situation in which the solution to one problem gives rise to a second problem, but the solution to the second problem brings back the first problem. a vicious circle phrase. The Vicious Circle first appeared in the mini series Savage Dragon where they were led by Overlord when they were attacking Chicago. Any etymological connection between mechanical noun, “gear”, and derivatives of the Greek “gyros”, meaning 'circle'? The frequency of "vicious circle" has dropped off by almost half in that period, while the frequency of "vicious cycle" has more than doubled. Idiom of the Day 🙋. The Vicious Circle is a 1957 British thriller film directed by Gerald Thomas and starring John Mills, Noelle Middleton, Wilfrid Hyde-White and Lionel Jeffries. A feedback loop exists that reinforces the poor results. I favor the idea that the older term "Vicious circle" from the latin, no less, was mis-heard in New York in 1858, and then entered into use via the New York Times. Here's a list of opposite words from our thesaurus that you can use instead. It is called a circle because it has no real starting place—and, one might add, because there's no end to this sort of thing.. Which two instances agree with the course of the moon. vicious circle phrase. Finding nearest street name from selected point using ArcPy. –. For that year in which JERUSALEM was taken and destroyed, he saith, the Passover was on the 14th day of the month XANTICUS, which according to JOSEPHUS is our APRIL ; and that five years before, it fell on the 8th day of the same month. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is … 9 February 1999. Not to be confused with the heavy metal band Vicious Circle from Chicago, Illinois. How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? Meaning of Vicious Circle. Examples of vicious circle in a sentence, how to use it. As a result, "vicious circle" was only slightly more frequent than "vicious cycle" in works published in 2005. The figurative usage established later, mid-19th century as shown by the Phrase Finder : A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. He was later one of a number of old-time villains who felt the pressure of a new order within the Vicious Circle. (As to whether "cycle" is a better metaphor than "cycle", I can't say.). The research posted below supports the above statements: The 1792 usage appears to be earliest available in the scientific sense. This is also American, appearing first in a letter to The Oakland Tribune in July 1920, from an A. S. Lavenson: Prices will then come down to a point that may not hamper the natural progress of trade, which ought in this country to be healthy for years to come. The expression's frequency essentially flatlines until about 1910, when it begins its slow ascent. Considering how widely the term was used by religious polemicists during the seventeen century, it seems odd that the OED traces this meaning only as far back as 1792, to an occurrence in the Encyclopædia Britannica. Even as late as Bergen Evans & Cornelia Evans, A Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage (1957), a two-paragraph entry for "vicious circle" doesn't mention "vicious cycle" at all: vicious circle was originally a term in logic, and still is. See more. This interesting example involves use of "vicious cycle" as a kind of short form for "vicious lunar cycle"—Newton's chief interest being to corroborate or refute Epiphanius's claim that the Jewish calendar was two days out of synch with the actual lunar cycle. If the VP resigns, can the 25th Amendment still be invoked? How do you take into account order in linear programming? Why continue counting/certifying electors after one candidate has secured a majority? "Vicious circle" on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the pattern being deliberately chosen. and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) Synonyms for vicious circle include catch-22, circularity, impasse, stalemate, causal nexus, chain reaction, circular argument, domino effect, endless loop and eternal return. I just added the relevant portion of the sites I had linked to, and clarified what I meant by cycle being a better metaphor. The more general meaning of the phrase refers to any process where one event feeds off another but which seems trapped in a loop and eventually returns to its starting point, with no benefit gained. Logic A fallacy in reasoning in which the premise is used to prove the conclusion, and the conclusion used to prove the premise. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: "The whole situation works in a kind of inevitable rotary way - in what would be called a vicious circle.". The vicious circle principle is a principle that was endorsed by many predicativist mathematicians in the early 20th century to prevent contradictions. We might even be able to replace what has been termed the vicious circle with the virtuous circle. Vicious in this context means impaired or spoiled by a fault. How do digital function generators generate precise frequencies? Domestic flight, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a kind of circular argument works published in.... Indeed, dating to the cry for the sake of office or it! Of vicious circle '' used in any sense but a social circle with the stronger precedent to support it is... 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